Posts Tagged With: Peraturan

Ini Cara Menjadi Petarung One Pride MMA

Juara One Pride MMA bisa meniti karir sebagai petarung MMA kelas dunia

Jumat, 15 Januari 2016 | 15:20 WIB
Ini Cara Menjadi Petarung One Pride MMA
David Eric Burke. (Istimewa)
VIVA.co.id – Melalui program baru One Pride MMA, tvOne membuka jalan bagi para ahli bela diri Indonesia, untuk meniti karir sebagai petarung seni bela diri campuran (MMA). Penjaringan sudah dimulai oleh tvOne sejak Januari, hingga audisi yang dijadwalkan pada Februari 2016 mendatang.

“Jika Anda memiliki klub, sudah berlatih MMA, kirim ke kita melalui email ke one.pride@tvone.co.id, kita proses untuk kualifikasi masuk One Pride MMA,” kata Direktur PT Visi Media Asia Tbk (VIVA), David Burke, yang juga komentator One Pride BAMMA pada Jumat, 15 Januari 2016 di Jakarta.

Untuk mengenalkan MMA pada masyarakat Indonesia, tvOne telah meluncurkan program One Pride BAMMA, yang sudah mulai ditayangkan perdana pada 9 Januari lalu. “Melalui One Pride MMA, orang Indonesia bisa memiliki platform, untuk meniti karir sebagai petarung MMA,” kata Burke.

One Pride MMA dimaksudkan sebagai kompetisi yang hanya melibatkan orang Indonesia. Namun, untuk langsung menggelarnya perlu waktu.

“Belum ada cukup petarung untuk itu. Wasitnya, jurinya,” ucap Burke. Oleh karena itu ada proses penjaringan, pelatihan dan kompetisi yang akan dilakukan.

Burke yang juga menjadi komentator One Pride BAMMA, mengatakan ada banyak ahli bela diri di Indonesia, termasuk yang sudah menjadi petarung MMA. Sayangnya, belum ada kompetisi reguler, yang bisa mewadahi dan bisa menjadikan keahlian mereka sebagai karir.

“Kami mau mereka juga bisa menjadi superstar,” kata pendiri PT Wellington Capital Advisory, yang sekilas tampak seperti bintang utama film Fast & Furious, Vin Diesel, itu. Agar sukses meniti karir di olahraga, disebut Burke butuh media yang menjadi wadah dan memberi jalan.

Ada banyak asosiasi MMA di dunia, seperti UFC (Ultimate Fighting Championship) dari Amerika Serikat (AS) dan BAMMA (British Association of Mixed Martial Arts) dari Inggris. Sementara itu, di Singapura ada OneFC yang telah memperluas diri ke Asia Tenggara.

Juara Indonesia

“Untuk One Pride MMA kita mulai di Indonesia dulu. Kita mencari juara-juara MMA dari Indonesia, yang siap dipromosikan ke level global. Jika hasil dari One Pride MMA bisa menjadi ambassador baru untuk MMA, bisa menaikkan para juara ke BAMMA, luar biasa bagi kami,” kata Burke.

Semua warga Indonesia yang memiliki keahlian bela diri, bisa mendaftar melalui email ke alamat one.pride@tvone.co.id. Seleksi dilakukan melalui proses audisi pada Februari nanti.

“Jadwal pelatihan pertama pada Maret, kita harapkan dapat menjaring 16 petarung top untuk kompetisi sebelum Lebaran,” kata pemilik akun Twitter @davidericburke itu.

Burke mengatakan usia yang ideal untuk mulai mempelajari MMA, adalah antara 16-17 tahun. Dan untuk memulai kompetisi adalah antara 22-23 tahun. Mereka yang telah memiliki dasar ilmu bela diri, biasanya membutuhkan waktu sekitar dua tahun, hingga siap menjadi petarung MMA.

Dia mengatakan ada banyak cabang bela diri di Indonesia, yang prospektif sebagai dasar menjadi petarung MMA, seperti tarung derajat, pencak silat, tinju, judo, karate. “Setelah masuk di MMA, ambil disiplin lain,” kata Burke, yang mengaku telah menekuni ilmu bela diri sejak usia 19 tahun.

Pria asal Irlandia yang sudah memasuki usia 50 tahun itu awalnya mendalami Taekwondo. “Saya kemudian mempelajari tinju, lalu muay thai dan balik lagi ke tinju,” katanya.

Tinju dipilihnya untuk menjaga kebugaran, karena itu yang menurutnya lebih mungkin dilakukan pada usia sekarang.

One Pride MMA akan ditayangkan setiap Sabtu pukul 22.00 WIB. Namun, proses pelatihan para petarung, juga akan disiarkan dalam bentuk acara realitas. “Penonton bisa melihat mereka sedang latihan, makan, interaksi dengan keluarganya, kompetisi dengan rekan-rekan petarung lain.”

Pemenang musim pertama akan mendapatkan sabuk juara dan uang tunai. Semua petarung juga akan memperoleh bayaran di setiap pertandingan, serta komisi dari sponsor. Terbuka peluang besar untuk meniti karir di level global, karena One Pride MMA telah menandatangani kerjasama dengan BAMMA.

Juara One Pride MMA, nantinya bisa dipromosikan menjadi petarung BAMMA, maupun asosiasi MMA lainnya seperti One FC atau UFC.

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MMA Rules and Regulations

Unified Rules and Other MMA Regulations

1. Definitions

“Mixed martial arts” means unarmed combat involving the use, subject to any applicable   limitations set forth in these Unified Rules and other regulations of the applicable Commission, of a combination of techniques from different disciplines of the martial arts, including, without limitation, grappling, submission holds, kicking and striking.
“Unarmed Combat” means any form of competition in which a blow is usually struck which may reasonably be expected to inflict injury.
“Unarmed Combatant” means any person who engages in unarmed combat.
“Commission” means the applicable athletic commission or regulatory body overseeing the bouts, exhibitions or competitions of mixed martial arts.

2. Weight Divisions

Except with the approval of the Commission, or its executive director, the classes for mixed martial arts contests or exhibitions and the weights for each class shall be:

Strawweight  up to 115 pounds
Flyweight  over 115 pounds to 125
Bantamweight  over 125 to 135 pounds
Women’s Bantamweight  over 125 to 135 pounds
Featherweight  over 135 to 145 pounds
Lightweight  over 145 to 155 pounds
Welterweight  over 155 to 170 pounds
Middleweight  over 170 to 185 pounds
Light Heavyweight over 185 to 205 pounds
Heavyweight  over 205 to 265 pounds
Super Heavyweight over 265 pounds

In non-championship fights, there shall be allowed a 1 pound weigh allowance.  In championship fights, the participants must weigh no more than that permitted for the relevant weight division.
The Commission may also approve catch weight bouts, subject to their review and discretion.  For example, the Commission may still decide to allow the contest the maximum weight allowed is 177 pounds if it feels that the contest would still be fair, safe and competitive.
In addition, if one athlete weighs 264 pounds while the opponent weighs 267 pounds, the Commission may still decide to allow the contest if it determines that the contest would still be fair, safe and competitive in spite of the fact that the two contestants technically weighed in differing weight classes.

3. Ring / Fighting Area Requirements and Equipment
  1. Mixed martial arts contests and exhibitions may be held in a ring or in a fenced area.
  2. A ring used for a contest or exhibition of mixed martial arts must meet the following requirements:
    1. The ring must be no smaller than 20 feet square and no larger than 32 feet square within the ropes. One corner shall have a blue designation and the corner directly opposite must have a red designation.
    2. The ring floor must extend at least 18 inches beyond the ropes. The ring floor must be padded with ensolite or similar closed-cell foam, with at least a 1-inch layer of foam padding. Padding must extend beyond the ring ropes and over the edge of the platform, with a top covering of canvas, duck or similar material tightly stretched and laced to the ring platform. Material that tends to gather in lumps or ridges must not be used.
    3. The ring platform must not be more than 4 feet above the floor of the building and must have suitable steps for the use of the unarmed combatants.
    4. Ring posts must be made of metal, not more than 3 inches in diameter, extending from the floor of the building to a minimum height of 58 inches above the ring floor, and must be properly padded in a manner approved by the Commission. Ring posts must be at least 18 inches away from the ring ropes.
    5. There must be five ring ropes, not less than 1 inch in diameter and wrapped in soft material. The lowest ring rope must be 12 inches above the ring floor.
    6. There must not be any obstruction or object, including, without limitation, a triangular border, on any part of the ring floor.
  3. A fenced area used in a contest or exhibition of mixed martial arts must meet the following requirements:
    1. The fenced area must be circular or have at least six equal sides and must be no smaller than 20 feet wide and no larger than 32 feet wide.
    2. The floor of the fenced area must be padded with ensolite or another similar closed-cell foam, with at least a 1-inch layer of foam padding, with a top covering of canvas, duck or similar material tightly stretched and laced to the platform of the fenced area. Material that tends to gather in lumps or ridges must not be used.
    3. The platform of the fenced area must not be more than 4 feet above the floor of the building and must have suitable steps for the use of the unarmed combatants.
    4. Fence posts must be made of metal, not more than 6 inches in diameter, extending from the floor of the building to a minimum height of 58 inches above the floor of the fenced area, and must be properly padded in a manner approved by the Commission.
    5. The fencing used to enclose the fenced area must be made of a material that will prevent an unarmed combatant from falling out of the fenced area or breaking through the fenced area onto the floor of the building or onto the spectators, including, without limitation, chain link fence coated with vinyl.
    6. Any metal portion of the fenced area must be covered and padded in a manner approved by the Commission and must not be abrasive to the unarmed combatants.
    7. The fenced area must have two entrances.
    8. There must not be any obstruction on any part of the fence surrounding the area in which the unarmed combatants are to be competing.
4. Stools
  1. A stool of a type approved by the Commission shall be available for each contestant.
  2. An appropriate number of stools or chairs, of a type approved by the Commission, shall be available for each contestant’s seconds. Such stoolsor chairs shall be located near each contestant’s corner for use outside of the fighting area.
  3. All stools and chairs used must be thoroughly cleaned or replaced after the conclusion of each bout.
5. Equipment

For each bout, the promoter shall provide a clean water bucket, a clean plastic water bottle, and any other supplies as directed by the Commission, in each corner.
6. Specifications for Handwrapping
  1. In all weight classes, the bandages on each contestant’s hand shall be restricted to soft gauze cloth of not more than 15 yards in length and two inches in width, held in place by not more than 10 feet of surgeon’s tape, one inch in width, for each hand.
  2. Surgeon’s adhesive tape shall be placed directly on each hand for protection near the wrist. The tape may cross the back of the hand twice and extend to cover and protect the knuckles when the hand is clenched to make a fist.
  3. The bandages shall be evenly distributed across the hand.
  4. Bandages and tape shall be placed on the contestant’s hands in the dressing room in the presence of the Commission and in the presence of the manager or chief second of his or her opponent.
  5. Under no circumstances are gloves to be placed on the hands of a contestant until the approval of the Commission is received.
7. Mouthpieces
  1. All contestants are required to wear a mouthpiece during competition. The mouthpiece shall be subject to examination and approval by the attending physician.
  2. The round cannot begin without the mouthpiece in place.
  3. If the mouthpiece is involuntarily dislodged during competition, the referee shall call time, clean the mouthpiece, and reinsert the mouthpiece at the first opportune moment without interfering with the immediate action.
8. Protective Equipment
  1. Male mixed martial artists shall wear a groin protector of their own selection, of a type approved by the Commissioner.
  2. Female mixed martial artists are prohibited from wearing groin protectors.
  3. Female mixed martial artists shall wear a chest protector during competition. The chest protector shall be subject to approval of the Commissioner.
9. Gloves
  1. All contestants shall wear glove which are at least 4 ounces and are approved by the Commission. Generally, gloves should not weigh more than 6 ounces without the approval of the Commission. Certain larger sized gloves, e.g. 2 XL – 4 XL, may be allowed even though they may slightly exceed 6 ounces.
  2. Gloves should be supplied by the promoter and approved by the Commission. No contestant shall supply their own gloves for participation.
10. Apparel
  1. Each contestant shall wear mixed martial arts shorts (board shorts), biking shorts (vale tudo shorts), kick-boxing shorts or other shorts approved by the Commission.
  2. Gi’s or shirts are prohibited during competition except that female contestant’s musts wear shirts approved by the Commission.
  3. Shoes and any type of padding on the feet are prohibited during competition.
11. Appearance
  1. Each unarmed combatant must be clean and present a tidy appearance.
  2. The excessive use of grease or any other foreign substance may not be used on the face or body of an unarmed combatant. The referees or the Commission shall cause any excessive grease or foreign substance to be removed.
  3. The Commission shall determine whether head or facial hair presents any hazard to the safety of the unarmed combatant or his opponent or will interfere with the supervision and conduct of the contest or exhibition. If the head or facial hair of an unarmed combatant presents such a hazard or will interfere with the supervision and conduct of the contest or exhibition, the unarmed combatant may not compete in the contest or exhibition unless the circumstances creating the hazard or potential interference are corrected to the satisfaction of the Commission.
  4. An unarmed combatant may not wear any jewelry or other piercing accessories while competing in the contest or exhibition.
12. Round Length
  1. Each non-championship mixed martial arts contest is to be for 3 rounds, each round no more than 5 minutes duration, with a rest period of 1 minute between each round.
  2. Each championship mixed martial arts contest is to be for 5 rounds, each round no more than 5 minutes duration, with a rest period of 1 minute between each round.
13. Stopping Contest

The referee is the sole arbiter of a contest and is the only individual authorized to stop a contest. The referee may take advice from the ringside physician and/or the Commission with respect to the decision to stop a contest.

The referee and the ringside physician are the only individuals authorized to enter the ring/fighting area at any time during competition other than the rest periods and subsequent to the contest ending.

14. Judging
  1. All bouts will be evaluated and scored by 3 judges who shall evaluate the contest from different location around the ring/fighting area. The referee may not be one of the 3 judges.
  2. The 10-Point Must System will be the standard system of scoring a bout. Under the 10-Point Must Scoring System, 10 points must be awarded to the winner of the round and 9 points or less must be awarded to the loser, except for a rare even round, which is scored (10-10).
  3. Judges shall evaluate mixed martial arts techniques, such as effective striking, effective grappling, control of the ring/fighting area, effective aggressiveness and defense.
  4. Evaluations shall be made in the order in which the techniques appear in (c) above, giving the most weight in scoring to effective striking, effective grappling, control of the fighting area and effective aggressiveness and defense.
  5. Effective striking is judged by determining the total number of legal strikes landed by a contestant.
  6. Effective grappling is judged by considering the amount of successful executions of a legal takedown and reversals. Examples of factors to consider are take downs from standing position to mount position, passing the guard to mount position, and bottom position fighters using an active threatening guard.
  7. Fighting area control is judged by determining who is dictating the pace, location and position of the bout. Examples of factors to consider are countering a grappler’s attempt at takedown by remaining standing and legally striking, taking down an opponent to force a ground fight, creating threatening submission attempts, passing the guard to achieve mount, and creating striking opportunities.
  8. Effective aggressiveness means moving forward and landing a legal strike.
  9. Effective defense means avoiding being struck, taken down or reversed while countering with offensive attacks.
  10. The following objective scoring criteria shall be utilized by the judges when scoring a round:
    1. a round is to be scored as a 10-10 round when both contestants appear to be fighting evenly and neither contestant shows clear dominance in a round;
    2. a round is to be scored as a 10-9 round when a contestant wins by a close margin, landing the greater number of effective legal strikes, grappling and other maneuvers;
    3. a round is to be scored as a 10-8 round when a contestant overwhelmingly dominates by striking or grappling in a round.
    4. a round is to be scored as a 10-7 round when a contestant totally dominates by striking or grappling in a round.
  11. Judges shall use a sliding scale and recognize the length of time the fighters are either standing or on the ground, as follows:
    1. if the mixed martial artists spent a majority of a round on the canvas, then:
      1. Effective grappling is weighed first; and
      2. Effective striking is then weighed
    2. If the mixed martial artists spent a majority of a round standing, then:
      1. Effective striking is weighed first; and
      2. Effective grappling is then weighed
    3. A round is to be scored as a 10-8 round when a contestant overwhelmingly dominates by striking or grappling in a round.
    4. If a round ends with a relatively even amount of standing and canvas fighting, striking and grappling are weighed equally.
15. Fouls
  1. The following acts constitute fouls in a contest or exhibition of mixed martial arts and may result in penalties, at the discretion of thereferee, if committed:
    1. Butting with the head
    2. Eye gouging of any kind
    3. Biting
    4. Spitting at an opponent
    5. Hair pulling
    6. Fish hooking
    7. Groin attacks of any kind
    8. Putting a finger into any orifice or any cut or laceration of an opponent
    9. Small joint manipulation
    10. Striking downward using the point of the elbow
    11. Striking to the spine or the back of the head
    12. Kicking to the kidney with a heel
    13. Throat strikes of any kind, including, without limitation, grabbing the trachea
    14. Clawing, pinching or twisting the flesh
    15. Grabbing the clavicle
    16. Kicking the head of a grounded opponent
    17. Kneeing the head of a grounded opponent
    18. Stomping a grounded opponent
    19. Holding the fence
    20. Holding the shorts or gloves of an opponent
    21. Using abusive language in fenced ring/fighting area
    22. Engaging in any unsportsmanlike conduct that causes injury to an opponent
    23. Attacking an opponent on or during the break
    24. Attacking an opponent who is under the care of the referee
    25. Attacking an opponent after the bell has sounded the end of the round
    26. Timidity, including, without limitation, avoiding contact with an opponent, intentionally or consistently dropping the mouthpiece or faking an injury
    27. Throwing opponent out of ring/fighting area
    28. Flagrantly disregarding the instructions of the referee
    29. Spiking an opponent to the canvas on his head or neck
    30. Interference by the corner
    31. Applying any foreign substance to the hair or body to gain an advantage
  2. Disqualification may occur after any combination of fouls or after a flagrant foul at the discretion of the referee.
  3. Fouls may result in a point being deducted by the official scorekeeper from the offending contestant’s score. The scorekeeper, not the judges, will be responsible for calculating the true score after factoring in the point deduction.
  4. Only a referee can assess a foul. If the referee does not call the foul, judges must not make that assessment on their own and should not factor such into their scoring calculations.
  5. If a foul is committed:
    1. The referee shall call timeout.
    2. The referee shall order the offending contestant to a neutral location.
    3. The referee shall check the fouled contestant’s condition and safety.
    4. The referee shall then assess the foul to the offending contestant and deduct points if the referee deems it appropriate, and notify the commission, the corners, the official scorekeeper of his decision on whether the foul was accidental or intentional and whether a point is to be taken away.
  6. If a bottom contestant commits a foul, unless the top contestant is injured, the contest will continue and:
    1. The referee will verbally notify the bottom contestant of the foul.
    2. When the round is over, the referee will assess the foul and notify the commission, the corners, the judges and the official scorekeeper.
    3. The referee may terminate a contest based on the severity of a foul. For such a flagrant foul, the contestant committing the foul shall lose by disqualification.
  7. Low Blow Foul:
    1. A fighter who has been struck with a low blow is allowed up to 5 minutes to recover from the foul as long as in the ringside doctor’s opinion the fighter may possibly continue on in the contest.
    2. If the fighter states that they can continue on before the five minutes of time have expired, the referee shall, as soon as practical, restart the fight.
    3. If the fighter goes over the 5 minute time allotment, and the fight cannot be restarted, the contest must come to an end with the outcome determined by the round and time in which the fight was stopped. See Section 16 below.
  8. Fighter Fouled by other than low blow:
    1. If a contest of mixed martial arts is stopped because of an accidental foul, the referee shall determine whether the unarmed combatant who has been fouled can continue or not. If the unarmed combatant’s chance of winning has not been seriously jeopardized as a result of the foul and if the foul did not involve a concussive impact to the head of the unarmed combatant who has been fouled, the referee may order the contest or exhibition continued after a recuperative interval of not more than 5 minutes. Immediately after separating the unarmed combatants, the referee shall inform the Commission’s representative of his determination that the foul was accidental.
    2. If a fighter is fouled by blow that the referee deems illegal, the referee should stop the action and call for time. The referee may take the injured fighter to the ringside doctor and have the ringside doctor examine the fighter as to their ability to continue on in the contest. The ringside doctor has up to 5 minutes to make their determination. If the ringside doctor determines that the fighter can continue in the contest, the referee shall as soon as practical restart the fight. Unlike the low blow foul rule, the fighter does not have up to 5 minutes of time to use, at their discretion, and must continue the fight when instructed to by the referee.
    3. For a foul other than a low blow, if the injured fighter is deemed not fit to continue, by the referee, the referee must immediately call a halt to the bout. If the fighter is deemed not fit to continue, by the referee, even though some of the 5 minute foul time is still remaining, the fighter cannot avail himself of the remaining time and the fight must be stopped.
    4. If the referee stops the contest and employs the use of the ringside doctor, the ringside physician’s examinations shall not exceed 5 minutes. If 5 minutes is exceeded, the fight cannot be re-started and the contest must end.
16. Injuries Sustained by Fair Blows and Fouls
  1. If an injury sustained during competition as a result of a legal maneuver is severe enough to terminate a bout, the injured contestant loses by technical knockout.
  2. If an injury sustained during competition as a result of an intentional foul, as determined by the referee, is severe enough to terminate a bout, the contestant causing the injury loses by disqualification.
  3. If an injury is sustained during competition as a result of an intentional foul, as determined by the referee, and the bout is allowed to continue, the referee shall notify the scorekeeper to automatically deduct two points from the contestant who committed the foul.
  4. If an injury sustained during competition as a result of an intentional foul, as determined by the referee, causes the injured contestant to beunable to continue at a subsequent point in the contest, the injured contestant shall win by technical decision, if he or she is ahead on the scorecards. If the injured contestant is even or behind on the score cards at the time of stoppage, the outcome of the bout shall be declared a technicaldraw.
  5. If a contestant injures himself or herself while attempting to foul his or her opponent, the referee shall not take any action in his or herfavor, and the injury shall be treated in the same manner as an injury produced by a fair blow.
  6. If an injury sustained during competition as a result of an accidental foul, as determined by the referee, is severe enough for the referee tostop the bout immediately, the bout shall result in a no contest if stopped before two rounds have been completed in a three round bout or if stoppedbefore three rounds have been completed in a five round bout.
  7. If an injury sustained during competition as a result of an accidental foul, as determined by the referee, is severe enough for the referee tostop the bout immediately, the bout shall result in a technical decision awarded to the contestant who is ahead on the score cards at the time the boutis stopped only when the bout is stopped after two rounds of a three round bout, or three rounds of a five round bout have been completed.
  8. Incomplete rounds should be scored utilizing the same criteria as the scoring of other rounds up to the point said incomplete round is stopped.
17. Types of Contest Results
  1. Submission by:
    1. Physical Tap Out
    2. Verbal Tap Out
  2. Knockout by:
    1. when Referee stops the contest (TKO)
    2. when an injury as a result of a legal maneuver is sever enough to terminate a bout (TKO)
    3. when contestant being rendered unconscious due strikes or kicks (KO)
  3. Decision via the scorecards, including:
    1. Unanimous Decision – When all three judges score the contest for the same contestant
    2. Split Decision – When two judges score the contest for one contestant and one judge scores for the opponent
    3. Majority Decision – When two judges score the contest for the same contestant and one judge scores a draw
  4. Draws, including:
    1. Unanimous Draw – When all three judges score the contest a draw
    2. Majority Draw – When two judges score the contest a draw
    3. Split Draw – When all three judges score differently
  5. Disqulification
  6. Forfeit
  7. Technical Draw
  8. Technical Decision
  9. No Decision

Ref: http://www.ufc.com/discover/sport/rules-and-regulations

 

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Memahami Mixed Martial Arts Dan Peraturannya.

Apa Itu MMA?

Mixed martial arts, atau MMA, adalah olahraga full contact modern yang memperbolehkan petarung menggunakan teknik pukulan, tendangan, bantingan, dan kuncian dalam bertarung. MMA merupakan gabungan dari teknik menyerang boxing, muay thai, karate, taekwondo, dan banyak lagi. Sedangkan teknik bantingan, kuncian, dan takedown banyak berasal dari judo, jujitsu, dan gulat. Kelahiran MMA harus mengikuti juga dengan munculnya Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC), hasil ide dari Art Davie, Rorion Gracie, dan John Millius. Mereka mencanangkan sebuah turnamen dengan 8 peserta yang minim peraturan (kecuali menggigit dan mencolok mata) dan batas waktu, untuk membuktikan teknik bertarung apa yang paling efektif di dunia. Selain itu, salah satu penggagas UFC yaitu Rorion Gracie, juga memiliki misi keluarga Gracie untuk menyebarkan teknik Gracie Jujitsu, atau Brazilian Jujitsu ke seluruh dunia. Dan ia menganggap cara ini adalah cara terbaik untuk membuktikan keampuhan jurus Gracie Jujitsu.

ufc 1 gracie

(Foto: en.susumug.com)

Sejarah Awal MMA

Sejarah MMA sebagai olahraga modern tidak lepas dengan sejarah kemunculan UFC.

UFC perdana dibuat pada tahun 1993 di Nevada, Colorado AS. Pada awalnya, UFC 1 minim peraturan kecuali larangan menggigit dan mencolok mata, dan batas waktu. Peserta diperbolehkan menggunakan seragam disiplin bela diri yang dianutnya, bahkan memperbolehkan petinju menggunakan satu sarung tinju saja. Pertandingan dihentikan apabila seorang petarung menyerah atau anggota kamp petarung melempar handuk untuk menghentikan pertarungan. Seorang wasit hadir dalam pertarungan namun andilnya sangat minim dan keselamatan petarung tidak begitu terjamin. Tanpa adanya peraturan, UFC awal dianggap sebagai ajang brutal yang dilarang banyak negara bagian AS.

 

Evolusi Peraturan MMA

Seiringnya waktu, dan keinginan besar para pendiri awal UFC untuk menjadikan MMA sebagai ajang olahraga yang diakui, peraturan demi peraturan mulai melapisi tiap ajang UFC.

Sejak dibelinya merk UFC oleh Zuffa (pendirinya terdiri dari Frank dan Lorenzo Fertitta, bekas pemilik kasino di Las Vegas), dan digerakkan oleh Dana White (sahabat Fertitta bersaudara sejak kecil), UFC mendekatkan diri pada komisi atletik dan mulai terbentuk peraturan-peraturan dan divisi berat yang hingga sekarang digunakan UFC, bahkan mayoritas organisasi MMA di seluruh dunia menggunakan peraturan yang disetujui oleh komisi atletik Amerika Serikat dan menjadi peraturan MMA de facto dunia. Peraturan MMA yang digunakan sekarang disebut Unified Rules of Mixed Martial Arts.

Apa Saja Unified Rules of Mixed Martial Arts?

Dalam sebuah pertarungan MMA, peraturan-peraturan secara garis besar adalah:

-Diperbolehkan memukul, menyiku, menyerang dengan bahu, dan menendang di bagian kepala kecuali bagian belakang kepala, belakang leher, dan sepanjang tulang punggung (menghindari daerah syaraf pusat).

-Petarung diperbolehkan menggunakan kuncian, kecuali kuncian pada persendian kecil seperti jari tangan dan kaki.

-Apabila kedua petarung berada di lantai (tangan dan kaki menyentuh lantai), Unified Rules of MMA tidak memperbolehkan petarung menyerang kepala lawan dengan dengkul (dahulu ajang PRIDE memperbolehkan), dan tidak diperbolehkan menyiku secara vertikal dari atas ke bawah (arah jam 12 ke jam 6).

-Kecuali PRIDE dan ONE FC sekarang, petarung dilarang menendang kepala lawan (soccer kick) dan menginjak kepala lawan yang sedang berada di lantai.

-PRIDE juga melarang penggunaan siku dalam bentuk apapun.

Foul lainnya apabila: menyerang kemaluan, menggigit, mencakar, menarik rambut, pegang cage sehingga lawan tidak mampu melakukan takedown kepada lawan, timidity (petarung enggan menyerang lawan), menyerang bagian belakang kepala dan sepanjang tulang belakang, menyiku vertikal dari atas ke bawah saat lawan berada di lantai, dan tentunya tidak mentaati wasit. Apabila salah satu pelanggaran dilakukan, wasit akan memberi peringatan, dan apabila petarung tetap melakukan foul, wasit dapat mengurangi angka, dan apabila petarung tetap juga melanggar maka wasit dapat menghentikan pertarungan dan menjadikan diskualifikasi.

-Apabila terjadi inactivity atau keadaan pasif antar petarung, wasit memperbolehkan position reset yaitu bila kedua petarung tidak melancarkan serangan saat berada di lantai untuk kembali berdiri. Apabila inactivity terjadi saat berada dalam posisi clinch, wasit dapat memisahkan kedua petarung dan kembali bertarung di tengah-tengah cage atau ring. Apabila inactivity terjadi saat kedua petarung berdiri dan tidak menyerang, wasit dapat menegur kedua petarung dengan seruan “Fight!”, atau “Let’s work!” tergantung pribadi wasit.

Unified Mixed Martial Arts Rules juga tidak memperbolehkan petarung menggunakan gi, atau seragam yang umum digunakan praktisi judo, jujitsu, karate, dan lain-lain kecuali celana pendek dan mewajibkan penggunaan sarung tangan,  pelindung mulut, dan pelindung kemaluan. Organisasi PRIDE dahulu bahkan UFC awal memperbolehkan petarung menggunakan gi (PRIDE) atau sepatu gulat (UFC).

Cage Atau Ring?

ufc_20octagon-thumb-1000x609-833             250px-Fedor_vs_Coleman

Sebuah pertarungan MMA bisa dilakukan di sebuah cage seperti UFC, Bellator, ONE FC, dan lain-lain atau ring seperti PRIDE, DREAM, M-1 GLOBAL, dan lain-lain.

Peraturan lengkap mixed martial arts dalam bahasa Inggris dapat diakses di sini:

http://www.ufc.com/discover/sport/rules-and-regulations

Durasi Pertarungan MMA

Sebuah pertarungan MMA berlangsung selama 3 ronde sepanjang 5 menit tiap ronde, dan untuk kejuaraan perebutan sabuk selama 5 ronde tiap 5 menit. Format durasi waktu ini adalah yang umum digunakan untuk ajang MMA dan disahkan oleh Unified Rules of Mixed Martial Arts. UFC juga telah mengadakan pertarungan non-kejuaraan (tidak merebutkan sabuk namun ajang utama) selama 5 ronde.

Saingan awal organisasi UFC yaitu PRIDE (organisasi MMA taraf internasional asal Jepang 1997-2007) memiliki format waktu yang sedikit berbeda. Ronde pertama berdurasi 10 menit, sedangkan ronde kedua dan ketiga selama 5 menit. Durasi waktu ini sama saja untuk pertarungan non-kejuaraan ataupun kejuaraan.

Skoring Dalam MMA

Skoring MMA, walaupun banyak mendapat kritik dari para atlit MMA, mirip dengan sistem skoring tinju. Dimana satu ronde menggunakan 10 point must-system. Petarung yang dominan akan diberi 10 poin berdasarkan keefektifan dalam menyerang, takedown, dan kontrol cage. Skoring MMA dilakukan oleh tiga juri pilihan dari komisi atletik dan bukan dari organisasi MMA tersebut.

henderson_ko_bisping_display_image

(Foto: BleacherReport.com)

And It’s All Over!

Pertarungan dihentikan apabila terjadi knockout, lawan tampak oleh wasit tidak mampu melanjutkan pertarungan atau tidak merespon wasit, tapout (menyerah karena kuncian), pemberhentian oleh kamp petarung dengan melempar handuk putih, dan cedera yang menurut dokter tidak aman untuk melanjutkan pertarungan.

UFC: Keselamatan Petarung Adalah Nomor Satu

Setiap sebelum dan sesudah pertarungan, para petarung menjalani berbagai tes kesehatan oleh dokter yang diutus komisi atletik untuk menjaga netralitas serta keselamatan para petarung. Dilarang keras menggunakan obat peningkat performa seperti steroid atau doping dalam bentuk lainnya. Apabila petarung menolak menjalankan tes kesehatan, atau ditemukan dari hasil tes menggunakan obat peningkat performa, maka komisi atletik berhak memberi sanksi kepada petarung tersebut. Bentuk sanksi bisa berupa denda, larangan bertarung dalam kurun waktu yang ditentukan, bahkan pencabutan izin bertarung.

Bigger, Faster, Stronger – Kasus doping di UFC

Walau terjadi banyak kasus petarung MMA menggunakan obat-obatan peningkat performa (atau Performance Enhancing Drugs, PED), komisi atletik MMA melarang keras penggunaannya dan secara rutin menggelar uji kesehatan sebelum dan sesudah pertandingan. Bila terbukti positif menggunakan PED, komisi berhak memberikan sanksi seperti denda, atau larangan bertarung dalam jangka waktu tertentu, dan bahkan pencabutan izin bertarung. Jenis PED yang sering digunakan adalah testosterone replacement therapy (TRT). Oknum-oknum terkenal yang tertangkap positif menggunakan PED adalah: Alistair Overeem, Chael Sonnen, Stephan Bonnar, Cristiana “Cyborg”, Wanderlei Silva, dan akhir-akhir ini bahkan petarung legendaris Anderson Silva tertangkap menggunakan PED dalam rangka kembalinya Silva di ajang UFC 183 lalu.

BigJohn-McCarthy

(Foto: CagePotato.com)

Third Man In The Cage

Para wasit, sama seperti juri dan dokter, dipilih oleh komisi atletik secara independen untuk menjaga netralitas dan mencegah kecurangan. Salah satu wasit pertama dan paling terkenal di kalangan MMA dunia bernama “Big John” McCarthy, mantan polisi dan instruktur bela diri taktis di Los Angeles. Big John juga merupakan murid Rorion Gracie.

Ref: https://mmaddictindonesia.wordpress.com/2013/08/20/memahami-mixed-martial-arts-dan-peraturannya/

 

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Bagaimana Aturan Dasar dari One Pride MMA?

Selasa, 1 Maret 2016 | 10:46 WIB

Bagaimana Aturan Dasar dari One Pride MMA?
Presiden Direktur PT Merah Putih Berkibar, penyelenggara One Pride MMA, Fransino Tirta.

VIVA.co.id – Turnamen Mixed Martial Arts (MMA), One Pride, sudah memasuki tahap audisi. Pada Sabtu 27 Februari 2016, audisi One Pride digelar di Surabaya.

Dalam audisi di Surabaya, ada 100 petarung yang ikut. Namun, cuma ada 3 petarung yang memperoleh grade A.
Mereka adalah Novian Hartanto, Jefri Arianto Utomo, dan Ngabdi M. Sisanya masuk grade B, C, dan D.
Fenomena ini dimaklumi oleh juri sekaligus Presiden Direktur PT Merah Putih Berkibar selaku penyelenggara, Fransino Tirta. Menurut Sino, banyak petarung yang masih belum mengerti teknik dasar dan penilaian dari olahraga beladiri MMA.
“Kami mencari petarung terbaik untuk One Pride. Bukan sekadar coba-coba. Jadi petarung yang akan berlaga tak sembarangan,” terang Fransino kepada VIVA.co.id lewat sambungan telepon, Selasa 1 Maret 2016.
Sebenarnya, bagaimana penilaian utama dari One Pride? Apa yang dilihat oleh juri One Pride dalam meloloskan petarung untuk ikut babak utama?
Fransino menuturkan, petarung MMA harus bisa mengombinasikan teknik pukulan, tendangan, bantingan, dan kuncian. Jadi, menurut Fransino, para petarung MMA tak cuma mengandalkan kekuatan saat sedang bertarung.
“Biasanya ada petarung yang cuma andalkan pukulan saja, terus bisa KO lawan. Kami tak cari yang seperti itu,” ujar Fransino.
“Mereka yang ikut dalam audisi harus bisa kombinasikan pukulan, tendangan, bantingan, dan kuncian. Sebenarnya sudah ada petarung yang bisa melakukan kombinasi-kombinasi tersebut. Rata-rata yang sudah jadi,” lanjutnya.
Terkait perhitungan poin, Fransino menyatakan One Pride sedikit berbeda dengan yang diterapkan di UFC. Jika di UFC mengadopsi beberapa peraturan di tinju, One Pride tidak melakukannya.
Pria yang menyandang sabuk hitam Brazilian Jiu-jitsu tersebut menyatakan aturan-aturan di One Pride lebih berlandaskan pada efektivitas serangan.
“MMA ini 3 ronde. Tak cocok kalau pakai sistem penilaian di tinju. Jadi penilaiannya begini, kalau ada serangan yang mendekati KO, maka poinnya akan lebih tinggi. Atau, jika serangannya efektif dan tepat sasaran maka nilainya pasti bagus. Selanjutnya, penilaian masuk ke kombinasi serangan, agresivitas, dan lainnya,” tutur Fransino.
Audisi One Pride masih berlanjut. Sabtu 5 Maret 2016, One Pride bakal menggelar audisi petarung di kawasan Kelapa Gading, Jakarta Utara. (one)
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Aturan Ketat KOBI Demi Cegah Kecelakaan di Ring

Olahraga beladiri memiliki risiko yang sangat tinggi.

Senin, 15 Februari 2016 | 21:19 WIB
Aturan Ketat KOBI Demi Cegah Kecelakaan di Ring
Ketua Umum KOBI, Anindra Ardiansyah Bakrie, memberikan sambutan saat deklarasi Komite Olahraga Beladiri Indonesia (KOBI) di Jakarta, Senin (15/2/2016). (VIVA.co.id/Muhamad Solihin)

VIVA.co.id – Olahraga beladiri diketahui memiliki resiko tinggi. Bahkan, tak jarang nyawa menjadi taruhan ketika para petarung tengah bertanding di atas ring.

Hal ini diperhitungkan oleh Komite Olahraga Beladiri Indonesia. Saat meresmikan pendiriannya di kawasan Kuningan, Jakarta, Senin 15 Februari 2016, KOBI dengan tegas akan mengutamakan keselamatan para petarung di atas ring.
Ketua Umum KOBI, Anindra Ardiansyah Bakrie, menegaskan tak ingin sembarangan dalam menerapkan aturan di dalam kejuaraan. “Kami tidak akan menunjuk EO yang akan menggelar kejuaraan tapi tidak memiliki asuransi bagi para fighter,” tegas eksekutif yang akrab disapa Ardi tersebut.
One Pride Indonesia bakal menjadi event pertama yang bakal diselenggarakan KOBI. Lewat turnamen ini, segala macam peraturan ketat yang sudah dibuat akan diterapkan.
“Untuk di One Pride, semua harus sesuai dengan peraturan yang ditentukan oleh KOBI,” kata Ardi.
Pada awal-awal kepengurusan KOBI ini, rencananya akan diadakan beberapa program pelatihan bagi para atlet dan pelatih MMA yang ada di Indonesia. Tujuannya tak lain adalah meningkatkan kualitas para petarung.
“Kami ingin melakukan pembinaan di seluruh Indonesa dari sisi atlet dan pelatih. Mereka akan diberi pendidikan baru,” ujar Sekretaris Umum KOBI, Fransino Tirta.
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